Several bacteria present in the colon live in harmony with the body, causing no symptoms. However, it may result in an infection if a virus, bacteria, or parasite invade the small/large intestine.
Common bacteria that cause colitis include:
These infections occur because of eating contaminated food. Some common symptoms include abdominal cramps, dehydration from water loss, and diarrhea with or without blood. The toxins that the bacteria can produce or the infection itself can affect other organs in the body.
Clostridium difficile — also referred to as C. difficile — is a bacterium that causes colitis. This often results following the consumption of an antibiotic or hospitalization. C. difficile is found in the colon of healthy people that lives in harmony with healthy bacteria. However, when a patient takes antibiotics, susceptible bacteria in the colon gets destroyed, resulting in colitis. The bacteria may commonly be found on many surfaces in the hospital, including stethoscopes, bed rails, and toilets.
Unfortunately, this infection is highly contagious and more common outside the hospital as well. People can develop this condition without consuming antibiotics or exposure to a healthcare facility.
The most common parasite to cause colitis is Entamoeba Histolytica, commonly found in infected drinking water. If a person drinks this infected water, he/she may develop colitis. This infection can be passed from individual to individual because of poor hygiene and sanitation.
The colon can be considered as a hollow muscle that requires a regular blood supply to function properly. When the colon loses its blood supply and becomes ischemic, it becomes inflamed. The lack of blood supply in the colon causes inflammation, eventually leading to pain, diarrhea, and fever.
With age, a person's arteries narrow and can cause ischemic colitis. Risk factors for ischemic colitis are similar to peripheral artery disease (PAD) and atherosclerotic heart disease, including high cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, and high blood pressure. Ischemia is caused by low blood pressure or anemia, which can decrease the supply of oxygen to the colon, resulting in colitis. Patients with atrial fibrillation (AFib) and not anticoagulated are at increased risk of developing ischemic bowel.
Two of the major types of IBD, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, are autoimmune diseases that cause colitis. Ulcerative colitis usually begins in the rectum before proceeding to the rest of the colon. The symptoms include diarrheal bowel movements and abdominal pain.
Crohn's disease mostly occurs in the gastrointestinal tract (GI), including the colon, stomach, small intestine, and esophagus. Both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis may infect other organs in the body, along with the GI tract.
Microscopic colitis can be of two types, namely, collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis. These are types of white blood cells that can invade the colon's inner wall due to inflammation. This type of colitis is not commonly found and can be an autoimmune disease. The resultant diarrhea is watery and without the presence of blood in the stool.
Allergic colitis mostly occurs in infants less than one year of age, caused by allergies to cow or soy milk. This condition infects breastfed babies, where mothers consume cow's milk and eventually pass that protein into their breast milk.
Common signs of colitis can include:
Other symptoms may include abdominal cramps, bloating, heartburn, gas, indigestion, gastroesophageal reflux disease, bowel urgency, and other uncomfortable aches in the GI system.
Some of the standard tests that detect colitis in a person include X-rays of the colon, colonoscopy, testing the stool for mucus and blood, and sigmoidoscopy. Other common tests include stool and blood tests such as blood chemistry tests. A high erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is typically used to detect acute colitis that measures the time it takes for red blood cells to settle in a blood sample.
The type of treatment is based on what is causing colitis. In several cases, patients require a little more than symptomatic care, including medications to control pain and regulate bowel movements. Patients who have acute colitis may often need IV fluids and other interventions.
Made with the richness of natural potent herbs, Stomium®, Xembran®, and Acidim® are ayurvedic medicines that work together to provide relief from colitis. The Colitis Kit by Grocare India reduces the inflammation in the colon by controlling the sub-clinical infection in the intestinal crypts. Stomium® is an ayurvedic medicine that works by attacking the sub-clinical bacterial infection, causing it to weaken over time and reduce inflammation.
Xembran® is a potent natural bio-herb and a bacteriostatic that works together with the body's defense mechanism to remove harmful bacteria. Acidim® is another useful product in the Colitis Kit that helps maintain the pH of the intestinal crypts to plasmolyze the infection, thereby allowing the intestinal tract to heal. Moreover, it has anti-inflammatory properties that help in reducing the symptoms of colitis.
Two tablets of Acidim® should be taken twice a day (post breakfast and dinner), two tablets of Stomium® should be taken a day twice (post breakfast and dinner), and one tablet of Xembran® should be taken after breakfast, and two tablets need to be taken twice daily (post-dinner), respectively. All the tablets should be taken together with meals. The tablets should be taken for 4-6 months or as prescribed by the doctor until complete recovery. If taken within the prescribed dosage, Stomium®, Xembran®, and Acidim® do not cause any known side effects and help cure colitis in patients naturally over time.
Individuals can notice the changes within a few weeks of the kit's usage, in the form of relief from pain, bloating, and discomfort. Results may vary based on the severity of the disease, age, diet, and lifestyle.